Silambam's main focus is on the bamboo staff. The length of the staff depends on the height of the practitioner. Ideally it should just touch the forehead about three fingers from the head, typically measuring around 1.68 metres (five and a half feet). Different lengths may be used depending on the situation. For instance, the sedikuchi or 3-foot stick can be easily concealed. Separate practice is needed for staffs of different lengths. Listed below are some of the weapons used in silambam.
- Silambam: staff, preferably made from bamboo, but sometimes also from teak or Indian rose chestnut wood. It is often tipped with metal rings to prevent the tips from being damaged.
- Maru: a thrusting weapon made from deer horns
- Aruval: sickle, often paired
- Panthukol: staff with balls of fire or weighted chains on each end
- Savuku: whip
- Vaal: sword, generally curved
- Kuttu katai: spiked knuckleduster
- Katti: knife
- Kuttuval: dagger
- Kattari: native push-dagger with a H-shaped handle. Some are capable of piercing armor. The blade may be straight or wavy.
- Surul pattai: flexible sword
- Muchan / Sedikuchi: cudgel or short stick, often wielded as a pair.
This class will be conducted during summer.